Stages of Gum Disease
Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease and occurs when there is excessive plaque and bacterial buildup around the gum line. This causes inflammation of the gums, but can be treated relatively easily. If left untreated the problem progresses to periodontitis, where spaces start to form between the teeth and gums and provide a place for bacteria to accumulate. This can destroy the gum tissue, periodontal ligament, and supporting bone. Advanced periodontitis is identified by deeper pockets and further bone loss. At this stage, teeth are likely mobile and at risk of becoming lost.